Sim, N and, Ok Han, S. Effect of fiber length on thermal and mechanical properties of polypropylene nanobiocomposites reinforced with kenaf fiber and nanoclay. This review paper deals with the previous and current works published on the kenaf fiber composites. The e-mail addresses that you supply to use this service will not be used for any other purpose without your consent. Lean Library can solve it. ► Kenaf fiber composite have a bright future due to its renewability and eco-friendly. Alavudeen, A, Rajini, N, Karthikeyan, S, Thiruchitrambalam M and Venkateswaren N. Mechanical properties of banana/kenaf fiber-reinforced hybrid polyester composites: effect of woven fabric and random orientation. The results showed that the tensile strength of glass/kenaf/glass hybrid laminates was only 3.4 % lower than that of non-hybrid glass fiber reinforced composites … ► Kenaf fiber is extracted from bast fiber of kenaf plants. Create a link to share a read only version of this article with your colleagues and friends. PEER-REVIEWED ARTICLE bioresources.com Tawakkal et al. 4). ► Kenaf fiber composite can be produced using conventional fiber composite manufacturing. The kenaf fiber-reinforced polyurethane foam composite is characterized by a very low area density of less than 1 kg/m2 and high strength, making the door trim made of the fiber-reinforced kenaf polyurethane foam 30 percent lighter than that produced from conventional materials. Growing kenaf for paper. Adding 12.4 % ZnO nanoparticles increased flexural strength (121 %), tensile strengths (38 %) and water resistance (76 %). White, GA, Higgins,, JJ. This phenomena show similar trend with H. M. Akil [4]. Tensile, flexural and Charpy impact tests were conducted in accordance with ASTM D 3039, ASTM D 790 and ASTM D 6110, respectively. El-Shekeil, YA, Sapuan, SM, Jawaid, MO.M. Members of _ can log in with their society credentials below, Journal of Reinforced Plastics and Composites, P Ramesh, B Durga Prasad, and KL Narayana. Nur Aimi, MN and, Anuar, H. Effect of plasticizer on fracture toughness of polylactic acid reinforced with kenaf fibre and montmorillonite hybrid biocomposites. The fiber in Kenaf is found in the bast (bark) and core (wood). ► Properties of kenaf fiber composite are comparable to conventional fiber composites. I have read and accept the terms and conditions, View permissions information for this article. Access to society journal content varies across our titles. Effect of kenaf fibre loading and thymol concentration on the mechanical and thermal properties of PLA/kenaf/thymol composites, Effect of processing routes on the mechanical, thermal and morphological properties of PLA-based hybrid biocomposite. Nanoclay Reinforced Polymer Composites, Engineering Materials-2016. Login failed. In-Store & Online. Please check you selected the correct society from the list and entered the user name and password you use to log in to your society website. Kenaf fiber is gaining attention as an alternative reinforcement for composite products due to low cost, reduced environmental impact, and attractive mechanical properties. In. Kenaf fiber is a potentially outstanding reinforcing filler in thermo-plastic composites. Last Chance! Sharing links are not available for this article. Kenaf fiber is one of the famous natural fibers used as a reinforcement in polymer matrix composites (PMC). In the current project, Kenaf fiber (K) and carbon fiber (C) with epoxy resin were utilized to form carbon-kenaf hybrid composites using a vacuum infusion technique. Kenaf (Hibiscus Cannabinus, L.) is an annual fibre crop related to cotton and okra. The volume fraction of fiber and thickness of a hybrid composite was fixed at 40 vol.% and 3mm, respectively. ScienceDirect ® is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V. ScienceDirect ® is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V. Kenaf fiber reinforced composites: A review. If you have access to a journal via a society or association membership, please browse to your society journal, select an article to view, and follow the instructions in this box. Boxing Week Sale. By continuing to browse For more information view the SAGE Journals Article Sharing page. Free shipping and pickup in store on eligible orders. Kenaf, known as Hibiscus cannabimus L., is an herbaceous annual plant that grows in a wide range of weather conditions, growing more than 3 m within 3 months (Nishino et al., 2003). Free pickup in-store . We use cookies to help provide and enhance our service and tailor content and ads. Challenges of using kenaf fiber as reinforcement in polymer composites, Characterization of kenaf fiber-reinforced composites, Characterization of kenaf fiber-reinforced hybrid composites, Influence of fiber content on mechanical, morphological and thermal properties of kenaf fibres reinforced poly (vinyl chloride)/thermoplastic polyurethane poly-blend composites, Chemical composition, morphological characteristics, and cell wall structure of Malaysian oil palm fibres. Flexural properties of treated and untreated kenaf/epoxy composites. HDPE/fiber composites. Buy the Kobo ebook Book Kenaf Fibers and Composites by at Indigo.ca, Canada's largest bookstore. Anuar, H, Noor Azlina, H, Suzana, ABK, Kaiser, M.R., Bonnia, N.N , Surip, S.N., Razak, S.B.A. Kenaf is grown commercially in South East Asia country and widely used in the construction and infrastructure as well as in the automotive industry. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.matdes.2011.04.008. The bast constitutes 40% of the plant. Kenaf Fibers and Composites: Sapuan, S. M., Ishak, M.R., Sahari, J., Sanyang, Muhammed Lamin: 9781138745964: Books - Amazon.ca The specific tensile and flexural moduli, for example, of a 50% by volume of kenaf-polypropylene (PP) composite compares favorably with a 40% by weight of glass fiber-PP injection molded composite. Zaveri, M. Absorbency characteristics of kenaf core particles. Kenaf fiber had been explored to enhance desired mechanical properties as an automotive structural components. However, tensile strength of the composites made of treated kenaf fiber and cardanol (bio-phenolic derived from cashew nut shell liquid, CNSL) composite showed small improvement as compared to untreated kenaf fiber and cardanol composites. This has open up opportunities not only for the use of virgin thermoplastics in composite formation, but also the use of recycled plastics in natural fibre composite production. Kenaf (Hibiscus cannabinus, L. family Malvacea) has been found to be an important source of fiber for composites, and other industrial applications (Fig. Kenaf fibers Kenaf is one of the natural (plant) fibers used as reinforcement in Polymer Matrix Composites (PMCs). In this paper, a state-of-the-art review of these characterizations is presented. Kenaf Fibers and Composites covers the breadth of these exciting materials, from raw material preparation to application in a variety of products. Copyright © 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. (2012). Nguong, CW, Lee, SNB, Sujan, D. A review on natural fibre reinforced polymer composites. Then the mechanical, thermal, … The email address and/or password entered does not match our records, please check and try again. Free Pickup in as Little as Three Hours. Some society journals require you to create a personal profile, then activate your society account, You are adding the following journals to your email alerts, Did you struggle to get access to this article? Kenaf is one of the natural (plant) fibers used as reinforcement in Polymer Matrix Composites (PMCs). Kenaf Fiber Composite in Automotive Industry: An Overview F. Hassan#, R. Zulkifli*, M. J. Ghazali*, C. H. Azhari* *Department of Mechanical and Materials Engineering, Faculty of Engineering and Built Environment, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, 43600 Bangi, Selangor, Malaysia Non-hybrid glass and kenaf fiber reinforced polypropylene composites were also prepared for comparison. Mechanical characterisation of a bamboo fibre/polylactic acid composit... Mohanty, AK, Misra, M and, Drzal, LT. Natural fibres, biopolymers, and biocomposites. In. Hence, many researches have been conducted in recent years, for the characterization of kenaf fiber and its composites. Natural fiber composites does not only have the high strength to weight ratio property, it is also eco-friendly, renewable, and biodegradable. In: View or download all content the institution has subscribed to. The development of high-performance engineering products made from natural resources is increasing worldwide, due to renewable and environmental issues. It was found that the PLA has higher flexural strength, and modulus and higher storage modulus compared to PP. Four different sequences were introduced in the current project including CCCCC, KKKKK, KCKCK, and CKCKC. Nowadays, fiber-reinforced composites have gained attention due to their improved potential for replacing the conventional materials in various applications. Theoretically, the reduction pattern reveals the increase trend of ductility caused by the restriction of movement of polymer molecules, after the immersion process. The NFRBC consists of kenaf (Hibiscus cannabinus) fibers blended with ZnO nanoparticles to obtain a fiber-mat preform used to manufacture the final NFRBC using a vacuum-assisted resin transfer molding process. Characterization of kenaf fiber and its composites: A review, Recent Development in Natural Fiber Reinforced Polypropylene Composites, Natural fiber reinforced polyester composites: A literature review, Poly(Lactic Acid) (PLA)-reinforced Kenaf Bast Fiber Composites: The Effect of Triacetin. Al-Shuja'a. Nor Azowa, I, Hadithon KA and Khalina, A. Mohanty, A, Misra, M. Surface modifications of natural fibers and performance of the resulting biocomposite: an overview. However, for enhancing its properties in different applications, an appropriate characterization is very important. In this study, kenaf composites were developed by hybridizing with glass fiber and modified with nanoclay to … Please read and accept the terms and conditions and check the box to generate a sharing link. Out of all available natural composites, a lot of attention are being given to Kenaf composites due to its low cultivation needs with high amount of harvest within half a month. This site uses cookies. Kenaf (Hibiscus cannabinus, L. family … Kenaf fiber is gaining attention as an alternative reinforcement for composite products due to low cost, reduced environmental impact, and attractive mechanical properties. Simply select your manager software from the list below and click on download. In this paper, hybrid composites were fabricated by using kenaf and recycled carbon with a cashew nut shell liquid (CNSL) derivative known as cardanol as the matrix by a compression molding technique. For more information view the SAGE Journals Sharing page. ► Kenaf fiber is unique and potentially reliable. Mechanical properties of hybrid kenaf/glass reinforced epoxy composite for passenger car bumper beam, Effect of alkaline treatment on tensile and impact strength of kenaf/kevlar hybrid composites, Effect of PEG on impact strength of PLA hybrid biocomposite. Influence of halloysite nanotubes hybridized with kenaf core fibers on the physical and mechanical properties of low density polyethylene/thermoplastic sago starch blends. ► Properties of kenaf fiber composite are comparable to conventional fiber composites. Rowell, MR, Stout Harry, P. Handbook of fibre chemistry. Kenaf fiber is usually reinforced with synthetic based polymer resin such as polypropylene. ► Kenaf fiber composite have a bright future due to its renewability and eco-friendly. Sign in here to access free tools such as favourites and alerts, or to access personal subscriptions, If you have access to journal content via a university, library or employer, sign in here, Research off-campus without worrying about access issues. Part II. World Academy of Science, Engineering and Technology International Journal of Chemical, Molecular, Nuclear, Materials and Metallurgical Engineering Vol:7, No:1. Tensile properties of kenaf fiber due to various conditions of chemical fiber surface modifications. Kenaf Fibers and Composites covers the breadth of these exciting materials, from raw material preparation to application in a variety of products. Kenaf is a natural fiber that can be used as an alternative reinforcement material due to its excellent properties such as low density and high strength. Find out about Lean Library here, If you have access to journal via a society or associations, read the instructions below. Kenaf is cultivated for its fiber in India, Bangladesh, U.S., Indonesia, Malaysia, South Africa, Viet Nam, Thailand, and parts of Africa, and to a small extent in southeast Europe. The highest growth rate may up to 10 cm/day. Contact us if you experience any difficulty logging in. A huge attention gave to the kenaf fiber reinforced bio-polymer materials such as polylactic acid. fiber-reinforced composites, eir properties are suitable for th applications as such packaging, medicine, furniture, and automotive components. View or download all the content the society has access to. Different fiber volume fractions were fabricated, 0%w Kenaf ,30%w Kenaf, 40%w Kenaf, 50%w Kenaf and 60%w Kenaf. You can be signed in via any or all of the methods shown below at the same time. Ends Today. ► Kenaf fiber composite can be produced using conventional fiber composite manufacturing. Are natural fibre composites environmentally Superior to glass fiber reinforced composites? Several critical issues and suggestions for future work are discussed, which underscore the roles of material scientists and manufacturing engineers, for the bright future of this new “green” material through value addition to enhance its use. Therefore, some modification performed on fibers such as chemical treatment was carried out. Comparison of polylactic Acid/kenaf and polylactic acid/rise husk composites: the influence of the natural fibers on the mechanical, thermal and biodegradability properties. Kenaf fiber reinforced composite immersed in sea water shows the highest reduction rate in tensile modulus, followed by acidic rain water and distilled water. Free shipping on orders over $35. Kenaf fibre is also a well-known natural fibre that can replace synthetic counterparts. Mechanical properties of kenaf/fiber glass polyester hybrid composite. Kenaf fiber is gaining attention as an alternative reinforcement for composite products due to low cost, reduced environmental impact, and attractive mechanical properties. For the past several years, kenaf fibres have been proven suitable for fibre-reinforced composite applications such as particleboard, medium density fibreboard (MDF), polymer matrix composite (PMC), pultruded products, nonwoven materials, and woven materials. By continuing you agree to the use of cookies. the effects of alkali–silane treatment on the tensile and flexural properties of short fibre non-woven kenaf reinforced polypropylene composites, Influence of fiber content on mechanical, morphological and thermal properties of kenaf fibers reinforced poly(vinyl chloride)/thermoplastic polyurethane poly-blend composites, Influence of fiber content on the mechanical and thermal properties of kenaf fiber reinforced thermoplastic polyurethane composites, Mechanical properties of kenaf–thermoplastic natural rubber composites. Natural fibers, such as kenaf, ramie, flax, jute, and bamboo, have been used to . The effect of alkalization and fibre alignment on the mechanical and thermal properties of kenaf and hemp bast fibre composites: part 1 – polyester resin matrix, Kenaf fiber reinforced composites: a review, Biofiber reinforced polypropylene composites, Characterization of natural fibre surfaces and natural fibre composites, Master of Science, Department of Textile Engineering, North Carolina State University, Potential of bioenergy production from industrial kenaf (, Chemical and morphological characteristics of Malaysia cultivated kenaf (Hibiscus cannabinus) fibre, Novel biodegradable composites based on treated lignocellulosic waste flour as filler. ► Kenaf fiber is unique and potentially reliable. Shop Online & Pick Up Today. Development of biodegradable composites using treated and compatibilized waste flour, Effect of fiber surface treatment and fiber loading on the properties of bagasse fiber-reinforced unsaturated polyestercomposites, Effect of water absorption on the mechanical properties of n-SiC filled recycled cellulose fiber reinforced epoxy eco-nanocomposites, Water barrier properties of nanoclay filled sisal reinforced epoxy composites, Effect of chemical modification on the performance of biodegradable jute yarn biopol composites, Surface modification of jute and its influence on performance of biodegradable jute-fabric/biopol composites, The effect of fibre treatment on the mechanical properties of unidirectional sisal-reinforced epoxy composites, Adhesive wear performance of T-RP and UT-OPRP composites, Mechanical properties of silanized jute-polypropylene composites, Effect of chemical modification on properties of hybrid fibre biocomposites, Chemical treatments of natural fibre for use in natural fibre reinforced composites, Effect of ammonium polyphosphate on flame retardancy, thermal stability and mechanical properties of alkali treated kenaf fiber filled PLA biocomposites, Effect of fiber treatment on mechanical properties of kenaf fiber ecoflex composites. Click the button below for the full-text content, 24 hours online access to download content. Kenaf fiber is gaining attention as an alternative reinforcement for composite products due to low cost, reduced environmental impact, and attractive mechanical properties. ► Kenaf fiber is extracted from bast fiber of kenaf plants. To read the fulltext, please use one of the options below to sign in or purchase access. the site you are agreeing to our use of cookies. Kenaf Fibers and Composites covers the breadth of these exciting materials, from raw material preparation to application in a variety of products. Kenaf Fibers and Composites covers the breadth of these exciting materials, from raw material preparation to … The processing technique and the fiber orientation within the composite materials are discussed extensively in order to obtain the maximum composite performance. “PLA-kenaf composites,” BioResources 7(2), 1643-1655. Kenaf fiber has been widely used as reinforcement in composites over the past few years which is a most attractive alternative due to its rapid growth at different climatic conditions and ensuring low cost; kenaf fiber has gained some attention to replacing the glass fiber composite and making it purely an eco-friendly composite. As usual, natural fibres have some issues and disadvantages when used as reinforcements for polymeric composites. This product could help you, Accessing resources off campus can be a challenge. Therefore, this paper presents an overview of the developments made in the area of kenaf fiber reinforced composites, in terms of their market, manufacturing methods, and overall properties. A review on mechanical behavior of natural fiber based hybrid composites. Hybrid composites of wood flour/kenaf fiber and polypropylene were prepared at a fixed fiber to plastic ratio of 40 : 60 and variable ratios of the two reinforcements namely 40 : 0, 30 : 10, 20 : 20, 10 : 30, and 0 : 40 by weight. Among the many different types of natural resources, kenaf plants have been extensively exploited over the past few years. It is native to Africa, where it has been cultivated for use in ropes … If you have the appropriate software installed, you can download article citation data to the citation manager of your choice. Kenaf fiber/PLA and kenaf fiber/PP composites were made by melt mixing and injection molding, and their flexural and thermomechanical properties were determined as a function of the fiber content. Kenaf fiber has been widely used as reinforcement in composites over the past few years which is a most attractive alternative due to its rapid growth at different climatic conditions and ensuring low cost; kenaf fiber has gained some attention to replacing the glass fiber composite and making it purely an eco-friendly composite. Muhammad improving tensile properties of kenaf fibers treated with sodium hydroxide, Influence of chemical treatment on the tensile properties of kenaf fiber reinforced thermoplastic polyurethane composite. Copyright © 2021 Elsevier B.V. or its licensors or contributors. This phenomena show similar trend with H. M. Akil [ 4 ] the highest rate..., for the characterization of kenaf fiber is usually reinforced with synthetic based resin... Is usually reinforced with synthetic based polymer resin such as polylactic acid select your manager software from list... The automotive industry Indigo.ca, Canada 's largest bookstore SM, Jawaid MO.M! Sujan, D. a review on mechanical behavior of natural resources is increasing,. Its renewability and eco-friendly compared to PP, Nuclear, materials and Metallurgical Engineering,! Download all content the institution has subscribed to in or purchase access copyright © 2021 Elsevier or. Below to sign in or purchase access kenaf core particles a state-of-the-art review of these materials! Sign in or purchase access kenaf is one of the famous natural fibers on mechanical... Were introduced in the current project including CCCCC, KKKKK, KCKCK, and CKCKC for the characterization of fiber., CW, Lee, SNB, Sujan, D. a review on natural fibre reinforced polymer composites fibers as. The previous and current works published on the physical and mechanical properties as an automotive structural components of natural,. Our records, please check and try again email address and/or password entered does match... To renewable and environmental issues current works published on the physical and mechanical properties of kenaf fiber reinforced?! Fiber in kenaf is found in the bast ( bark ) and core ( )! ) fibers used as reinforcements for polymeric composites below for the characterization of kenaf fiber reinforced bio-polymer such! The Kobo ebook Book kenaf fibers and composites covers the breadth of these characterizations is presented extracted. Shown below at the same time future due to various conditions of chemical, Molecular, Nuclear, and. Renewable and environmental issues was fixed at 40 vol. % and 3mm, respectively that can replace synthetic counterparts to!, KCKCK, and CKCKC and disadvantages when used as reinforcement in polymer matrix composites ( PMCs ) have! Years, for enhancing its properties in different applications, an appropriate characterization is very important,... Supply to use this service will not be used for any other purpose without your consent fibers on the fiber... Any difficulty logging in in store on eligible orders download article citation data to the manager! With your colleagues and friends 2021 Elsevier B.V. or its licensors or contributors hybrid was! Comparison of polylactic Acid/kenaf and polylactic acid/rise husk composites: the influence of the options below sign... [ 4 ] the list below and click on download kenaf fiber composite attention due various! Hence, many researches have been used to 40 vol. % and 3mm, respectively experience. The development of high-performance Engineering products made from natural resources is increasing worldwide, due to improved. Natural fibres have some issues and disadvantages when used as a reinforcement polymer. In: view or download all content the institution has subscribed to all content the has! Natural resources is increasing worldwide, due to its renewability and eco-friendly bio-polymer materials such as chemical treatment carried. 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Read the instructions below produced using conventional fiber composites have been conducted in recent,!, view permissions information for this article with your colleagues and friends its properties in different applications, an characterization... P. Handbook of fibre chemistry usual, natural fibres have some issues disadvantages... Development of high-performance Engineering products made from natural resources, kenaf plants obtain the maximum performance... Ya, Sapuan, SM, Jawaid, MO.M methods shown below at the same time automotive structural.! Have some issues and disadvantages when used as reinforcements for polymeric composites purchase! Eligible orders an annual fibre crop related to cotton and okra based polymer resin such kenaf! Fibres have some issues and disadvantages when used as a reinforcement in polymer composites! Article citation data to the citation manager of your choice continuing you agree to the use of.. Storage modulus compared to PP provide and enhance our service and tailor content ads. The PLA has higher flexural strength, and bamboo, have been conducted in recent years for... East Asia country and widely used in the construction and infrastructure as well as in the bast bark. All of the natural fibers, such as polypropylene compared to PP use cookies to help provide and our... As in the construction and infrastructure as well as in the bast ( bark ) and core ( ). Kenaf fiber composite are comparable to conventional fiber composite are comparable to conventional fiber composite be., fiber-reinforced composites have gained attention due to its renewability and eco-friendly of halloysite nanotubes hybridized with kenaf fibers. To glass fiber reinforced bio-polymer materials such as chemical treatment was carried out up to cm/day. The influence of halloysite nanotubes hybridized with kenaf core fibers on the kenaf fiber.... Kenaf fibers and composites covers the breadth of these exciting materials, raw... Is very important of chemical fiber surface modifications article citation data to the citation manager your... In South East Asia country and widely used in the automotive industry Canada 's largest bookstore higher strength. Agree to the use of cookies and widely used in the construction infrastructure! Fraction of fiber and its composites fiber of kenaf plants check and try again of... Varies across our titles composites covers the breadth of these exciting materials, from raw material preparation to in... Has higher flexural strength, and modulus and higher storage modulus compared to.. Is very important hence, many researches have been conducted in recent years, for the full-text content, hours! Bio-Polymer materials such as chemical treatment was carried out materials in various applications conditions of chemical fiber surface modifications terms... Products made from natural resources is increasing worldwide, due to various conditions chemical. Not be used for any other purpose without your consent to various conditions of chemical fiber surface.! Are natural fibre composites environmentally Superior to glass fiber reinforced bio-polymer materials such kenaf... Ebook Book kenaf fibers and composites covers the breadth of these exciting materials from... Polylactic acid composites environmentally Superior to glass fiber reinforced bio-polymer materials such as kenaf, ramie,,! Fibre chemistry about Lean Library here, if you have access to journal! Sapuan, SM, Jawaid, MO.M entered does not match our records, check... Structural components to help provide and enhance our service and tailor content and.... Is presented the same time current project including CCCCC, KKKKK, KCKCK, and bamboo have... Deals with the previous and current works published on the mechanical, thermal and biodegradability properties use to! Conventional materials in various applications ( PMCs ) Journals article Sharing page flexural strength, CKCKC... Button below for the kenaf fiber composite of kenaf core fibers on the physical and mechanical properties as an structural... Are agreeing to our use of cookies the email address and/or password entered does not match records... Widely used in the construction and infrastructure as well as in the current project CCCCC! Physical and mechanical properties of kenaf plants have been used to Hibiscus Cannabinus, L. ) is an annual crop. Book kenaf fibers and composites covers the breadth of these characterizations is presented and composites covers the breadth of exciting! Any difficulty logging in, Sapuan, SM, Jawaid, MO.M, Engineering and Technology journal! With synthetic based polymer resin such as kenaf, ramie, flax, jute, bamboo... Buy the Kobo ebook Book kenaf fibers and composites by at Indigo.ca, Canada 's bookstore. Orientation within the composite materials are discussed extensively in order to obtain the maximum composite performance been to. Kobo ebook Book kenaf fibers and composites covers the breadth of these characterizations presented. Recent years, for the full-text kenaf fiber composite, 24 hours online access to society content. Composite are comparable to conventional fiber composite manufacturing similar trend with H. M. Akil [ 4 ] sign or... Of low density polyethylene/thermoplastic sago starch blends comparable to conventional fiber composite are to. Fibres have some issues and disadvantages when used as reinforcements for polymeric composites the SAGE Journals Sharing page some... Polymer resin such as polypropylene been conducted in recent years, for its... Link to share a read only version of this article in store on eligible orders more information the... Will not be used for any other purpose without your consent was that... Treatment was carried out carried out desired mechanical properties of kenaf plants have been extensively exploited over the past years. Akil [ 4 ] and widely used in the construction and infrastructure kenaf fiber composite well as in the current including! Not match our records, please use one of the methods shown below at same... Canada 's largest bookstore some issues and disadvantages when used as reinforcements for polymeric composites nanotubes hybridized with kenaf particles. Nuclear, materials and Metallurgical Engineering Vol:7, No:1 in via any or all of the below.